EFFORTS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH SPEAKING SKILLS THROUGH ROLE PLAYING METHODS IN STUDENTS SEMESTER 2 FKIP UNIVERSITY OF RESOURCES ACADEMIC YEAR 2018/2019

Heni Subagiharti

Abstract


This study aims to improve speaking skills through the method of role playing in 2nd semester students of FKIP Asahan University. This type of research is Class Action Research (CAR). The research subjects were 32 second semester students of FKIP Asahan University. The object of research is speaking skills. Data collection methods used are observation, tests, and documentation. The data analysis technique used is descriptive qualitative and quantitative descriptive. The first cycle learning action of students plays roles based on conversation texts. students do not experience problems in linguistic aspects (vocabulary / phrase and sentence structure used) and non-language aspects (courage, friendliness, and attitude). The act of playing cycle II is based on drama script. Cycle II is more focused on linguistic aspects (pressure, speech, and tone and rhythm) and non-language aspects (fluency and mastery of the material) that are still lacking. Learning speaking skills through role playing methods based on drama scripts shows an increase in student speaking skills. The increase is indicated by the results of student speaking skills. The increase that occurs is, (1) the average pre-action value of students is 70.62 up to 75.46, (2) the average evaluation value of cycle I is 75.46, and (3) the average evaluation value of cycle II is 80.93 with percentage completeness 88 %.

Keywords: Role Playing, Speaking skills

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arief S.Sadiman, dkk. (2009). Media Pendidikan, Pengertian, Pengembangan, dan Pemanfaatan. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Azhar Arsyad. (2002). Media Pembelajaran. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Agustien, Helena IR. (2006) Kurikulum Bahasa Inggris SMP 2006 . Yogyakarta : Jogja English Teachers Association.

Basuki Wibawa, dkk. (1991). Media Pengajaran. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Awaliyah Puji Lestari. 2011. Upaya Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berbicara Melalui Metode Sosiodrama. UNY.

Burhan Nurgiyantoro. (2012). Penilaian Pembelajaran Bahasa Berbasis Kompetensi. Yogyakarta: BPFE-Yogyakarta.

Hamzah B. Uno. (2010). Model Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Henry Guntur Tarigan. (2008). Berbicara sebagi Suatu Keterampilan Berbahasa. Bandung: Angkasa.

Hisyam Zaini, dkk. (2007). Strategi Pembelajaran Aktif. Yogyakarta: CTSD (Center for Teaching Staff Development).

Iskandarwassid & Dadang Sunendar. (2011). Strategi Pembelajaran Bahasa. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Kundharu Saddhono & Slamet. (2012). Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berbahasa Indonesia (Teori dan Aplikasi). Bandung: Karya Putra Darwati.

Maidar G. Arsjad & Mukti. (1993). Pembinaan Kemampuan Berbicara Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Muammar. (2008). Pembelajaran Berbicara yang Terabaikan pada Mata Pelajaran

Mudini Salamat Purba. (2009). Pembelajaran Berbicara. Jakarta: Pusat Pengembangan dan Pemberdayaan Pendidik dan Tenaga Kependidikan Bahasa Direktorat Jenderal Peningkatan Mutu Pendidik dan Tenaga Kependidikan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Mulyani Sumantri & Johar Permana. (1998/1999). Strategi Belajar Mengajar. Jakarta: Depdikbud Dirjen Pendidikan Tinggi.

Mulyasa. (2012). Praktik Penelitian Tindakan Kelas. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Nana Sudjana. (2011). Dasar-dasar Proses Belajar Mengajar. Bandung: Sinar Baru Algensindo.

Ngalim Purwanto. (2010). Prinsip-prinsip dan Teknik Evaluasi Pengajaran. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Oemar Hamalik. (2008). Proses Belajar Mengajar. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Puji Santosa. (2011). Materi dan pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia SD. Jakarta: Universitas Terbuka.

Roestiyah N. K. (2008). Strategi Belajar Mengajar. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Sanjaya Yasin. (2011). Keterampilan Berbahasa ǀ Pengertian, Jenis. Diakses dari http://www.sarjanaku.com/2011/08/keterampilan-berbahasa.html pada tanggal 13 Desember 2016.

Sugiyono. (2009). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan (Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R & D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suharsimi Arikunto & Cepi Safruddin Abdul Jabar. (2010). Evaluasi Program Pendidikan Pedoman Teoretis Praktis Bagi Mahasiswa dan Praktis Pendidikan. Jakarta: PT. Bumi Aksara.

Suharsimi Arikunto. (2007). Manajemen Penelitian. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Syaiful Bahri Djamarah & Aswan Zain. (2010). Strategi Belajar Mengajar. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 40 times
PDF - 3 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.